Running ethernet cable through the exterior wall might be tricky. Either it is cat5 cable or cat6, the method is quite the same as you need the same equipment pieces. All you need to do is make a hole with a drill and place the cable. Check out this step-by-step instruction for a detailed procedure.
How to Run Ethernet Cable Through the Exterior Wall?
Ethernet cables are a type of network cable which are used to connect one network device to other network devices or to connect two or more computers to share printers, scanners, routers, etc. Mostly it is used for internet or wifi connections. There are various types of ethernet cables, mostly used one include Cat 5, 5e, Cat 6, 6a, seven and Cat 8 and the RJ45 connector.
Tools Required to Run Ethernet in Exterior Wall
Running cables inside your interior walls is quite an easy task to do. However, it’s difficult enough to run an ethernet cable through the exterior wall. You’ll need a couple of things before doing the job, such as
- A Drill
- Drill Bit
- Cable Clips
Step 1: Locate Where to Drill
If there are no dedicated holes for wires or cables in your house, you’d need to drill a hole through the walls.
However, you have to be very careful so that you don’t damage any other electrical wires or plumbing. Strictly avoid drilling above or below light switches and outlets. Also, be careful not to damage any furniture or appliances inside the house. So, deciding where to drill is very important.
When you’ve decided where you want to drill, you’ll need to mark the spot. Mark the area where you would like to drill with a pencil.
Step 2: Make a Hole
Before starting drilling, select the right drill bit for the job. If you’re drilling into the plasterboard or sheetrock, use a drywall bit. For brock, block, stone, concrete, or quarry tiles, a masonry bit would be a perfect choice. Masonry bits are made of soft steel with a tip made of tungsten carbide, allowing them to cut easily through hard walls.
Once you’re ready to go, place the tip of the drill on the point where you’d like to create your hole. Level the bit and position at a 90° angle relative to the wall. Press the trigger gently to begin drilling. Increase the pressure gradually to create a smooth, even hole.
Step 3: Insert the Cable
After you’re done with drilling the hole, insert the cable through it. Put the cable inside the hole and keep pushing from any one side of the hole until it reaches the other hand.
Before pushing the cable, it’s better to take out the dirt made from drilling the hole. Make sure not to damage the cable while inserting it.
You can use another method to put through the cable. After making the hole with a drill, take out the drill bit. Attach one end of the cable with the drill and slowly take out the drill machine.
How to Run Ethernet Cable Through Walls? Brick Wall?
If there’s no hole or ventilator you can find, you have to drill a hole. Use a bit intended for masonry as mentioned above, and don’t forget to wear a face mask. The dust that you will be producing is very harmful to your lungs.
While drilling, try to drill through the grout and not the bricks. Consider making a big hole and running conduit to protect the cable.
How to Run Ethernet Cable Between Floors?
If you want to run your ethernet cable to the 1st floor, it is quite easy. Running through the 2nd floor or running cable from one floor to another is a lot more difficult.
Before starting, locate an access point between the floors. Find a point closest to the device location and upper floor from the basement. Try to select a location closest to the basement wall as possible.
The best location should be directly above the location of the device that is set up in the basement. If there is wiring, such as overhead lighting or light switches, avoid it. Make sure to turn off all electrical power to avoid problems should the drill come in contact with live wiring—Mount the ethernet cable using cable mounts.
Should I Run Ethernet Cable Outside?
If you want to run your ethernet cables outside, the best way to protect your cables from the sun is by running the cables through a UV-resistant conduit. Generally, the cable is waterproof. However, you should consider direct burial with outdoor cables in order to reduce the risk of environmental factors damaging your cables.
How Long Usually cat5 Cable Lasts Outside?
An outdoor-rated cat5 cable usually lasts 20 years. With proper maintenance and conduit, it should last more.
The process of how to run ethernet cable through the exterior wall might be challenging, but if you follow the instruction carefully, you can do it without any hassle.